A Summary of Safety in Custody Statistics July 2019: Deaths in Custody, Self-Harm and Assaults.

Deaths In Custody – 12 months to 30 June 2019

Overall, the number of deaths continues to fall but self-inflected deaths continue to rise.

309 deaths in prison custody, a decrease from 311 deaths the previous year. Of these, 86 deaths were self-inflicted, up from 81 the previous year.

There were 165 deaths due to natural causes which is a decrease from the 176 deaths in the previous year. 55 deaths are recorded as other, as 50 of those are awaiting further information.

Self-Harm – 12 months to 31 March 2019

Self-harm incidents reached a record high.

57,968 incidents reported which is a 24% increase from the previous 12 months. This is a rate of 699 incidents per 1000 prisoners.

By gender, this rate equates to 596 incidents per 1000 in the male estate (up 24%) and 2,828 per 1000 in the female estate (up 22%).

The number of individuals self-harming increased 12,539, representing a 6% increase on the previous year.

The number of self-harm incidents requiring hospital attendance increased by 5% to 3,261 in the same period. Of these 3,026 were in male prisons and 235 were in female prisons.

Assaults – 12 months to 31 March 2019

Assaults reach new a record high.

34,425 assaults reported which is an 11% increase on the previous year. Of these, 32,908 were in male prisons (up 11%) and 1,517 assaults were in female prisons (up 21%).

3,949 of these assaults were recorded as serious. A serious assault is one which falls into one or more of the following categories:

  • a sexual assault
  • requires detention in outside hospital as an in-patient
  • requires medical treatment for concussion or internal injuries

…or incurs any of the following injuries:

  • a fracture,
  • a scald or burn,
  • a stabbing,
  • crushing,
  • extensive or multiple bruising,
  • a black eye,
  • a broken nose,
  • a lost or broken tooth,
  • cuts requiring suturing,
  • bites,
  • temporary or permanent blindness.

There were 10,311 assaults on staff (up 15%). There were 24,541 prisoner-on-prisoner assaults, some of which may then involve those assaults on staff.

Full Report Here

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